Overview of stats & general information about disaster
An Earthquake is large tremor that violentely shakes the Earth’s ground as a result of the movement and shift of the Earth’s tectonic plates or sometimes even by the eruption of a volcano. Earthquakes vary in magnitudes of 1-10 (although a 10 has never been reported) and can cause buildings to collapse and various other damages, depending on its intensity.
how to prepare for an earthquake
When preparing for an earthquake, make sure heavy objects such as wall mounted televisions, decorations, mirrors, other glass for fragile belongings are stored on lower shelves or the floor. Create a plan similar to that of the hurricane plan . This plan should include supplies and food. The food should be enough to last you at least 4 days. Purchasing a whistle could also be life saving in the case that you have to prepare for a hurricane; the whistle may be heard by others if you are stuck in a damaged building or you are unable to move. In addition to the plan, you, your family, or closest friends should a establish a place, beforehand, on where to meet after the earthquake has taken place.
What to do during an earthquake
During an earthquake you will want to ” DROP, COVER and HOLD ON.” This method is used widely and could potentially save your life. First you will want to drop to the ground and cover your head with your arms, if there are any study objects, such as a table, you should hold on as firmly as possible until the shaking stops. If you are indoors stay indoors and if you are outside be vigilant of any electric wiring on the ground, landslides (on inclined roads), dust, and debris that could be falling down.
aftermath and recovery
What to do after an earthquake
After the earthquake appears to have ended, be alert for aftershocks that typically are smaller in magnitude, but could cause and already damaged building to collapse. If you are inside a damaged building you will want to exit the building swiftly and safely, since the building is no longer safe to stay in. After you have exited the building, and you asses that you are not injured, check on neighbors and friends if you have the adequate training, but never go inside a damaged building. Also, if you are in an area that could potentially be hit by a tsunami move to higher ground immediately after an earthquake, otherwise tune in to your local radio station or news channel and listen for further isntruction.