What is a tsunamis?
A tsunami is one of the most powerful and destructive natural forces. It is a series of extremely long waves caused by a large and sudden displacement of the ocean. Tsunamis radiate outward in all directions from the point of origin and can move across entire ocean basins. When they reach the coast, they can cause dangerous coastal flooding and powerful currents that can last for several hours or days. Tsunamis cause flooding, water contamination and fires from breakage in gas lines.
What to do before
Plan and evacuation with your family and what to do when one occurs. Knowing the plan can save your life should a tsunami happen. Phone lines may be jammed so having this early plan will save lives. If an earthquake occurs in a coastal area, pay close attention to warnings on the radio for updates. Tsunami warnings are issued when there is an actual tsunami with enough danger present to alert the public. A tsunami advisory warns of the potential of a tsunami. A tsunami watch is issued when the conditions are present for a tsunami. It can be upgraded to an advisory or warning.
What to do during
-Obey evacuations issued by the authorities. Tsunamis are fast moving and you will not have much time. -Move quickly to higher ground away from the shore with family and pets. -NEVER stay close to the beach to watch the waves. If you are close enough to see the waves, you will not be able to escape it. -Leave possessions and save yourself. -Help others around you, especially elderly, infants and challenged individuals.
What to do after
-Since tsunamis may last for hours, do not return home until local officials tell you it is safe. -Find your local designated public shelter by texting SHELTER + your ZIP code to 43362 (4FEMA) example: shelter 12345. -Do not venture into disaster areas as they may not be safe and you may hamper rescue efforts. -Listen to NOAA Weather Radio or tune to a Coast Guard station or TV for the latest updates. -Do not take great risks as many people die from trying to rescue others. Inform professionals with the right equipment to help. -Stay away from debris in the water as it may pose a safety hazard. -Make sure you take care of any injuries you may have before offering help to others. -Stay out of buildings with water around it as the water may collapse walls.