What is it?
A volcano is a rupture in the crust of the earth that allows lava, volcanic ash and gases to escape from the magma chamber below the surface. Volcanoes cause damage with the intense heat from the lava flows which destroy anything in its path. The initial explosion can cause great damage by lateral blasts which shoots massive rocks at high speeds for several miles. Also accompanying volcanoes are earthquakes, mudslides, mudflows, flash floods, acid rain and fires.
What to do to prepare
-Know your designated public shelter by texting SHELTER + your ZIP code to 43362 (4FEMA) example: shelter 12345
-Have an emergency Supply Kit with non-perishable food, water, a battery powered or wind up radio, extra batteries and flashlights, a first aid kit with disposable breathing masks for each member of the family.
-Have a family plan so everyone will know where to meet in case the emergency happens when family members are separated. This is important because roads and communication may be disrupted.
What to do during
-If authorities are calling for evacuation- DO IT IMMEDIATELY. Volcanoes will spew flying debris, lava flows, hot gases and the deadly lateral blasts.
-Avoid low lying areas and rivers as they may be carrying mud flows which move much faster than you can walk or run.
-Assist neighbors and others in need.
-The ash from an eruption can be dangerous for those with respiratory issues and can burn the eyes. Wear goggles, keep windows and keep ventilation closed until the ash settles.
What to do after
-Seek a designated public shelter during evacuations by texting SHELTER + your ZIP code to 43362
-Listen to NOAA Weather Radio for more information since local authorities may not have all the information available, as well as watching TV and internet sources.